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NATIVE TITLE (QUEENSLAND) AMENDMENT BILL 1997

      Queensland




    NATIVE TITLE
   (QUEENSLAND)
AMENDMENT BILL 1997

 


 

 

Queensland NATIVE TITLE (QUEENSLAND) AMENDMENT BILL 1997 TABLE OF PROVISIONS Section Page 1 Short title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2 Commencement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3 Act amended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 Replacement of s 4 (Definitions) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 4 Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5 Amendment of s 7 (Object of part) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 6 Insertion of new s 8A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8A Validation of intermediate period acts attributable to State . . . . . . 5 7 Amendment of s 9 (Application of remaining provisions of part) . . . . . . . . 5 8 Insertion of new s 9A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 9A Application of div 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9 Insertion of new ss 13AA-13AD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 13AA Category A intermediate period acts dealing with the granting or vesting of certain interests in land or waters . . . . . . . . . 6 13AB Category A intermediate period acts that are public works . . . . . . . 6 13AC Inconsistent category B intermediate period acts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 13AD Category C and D intermediate period acts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 10 Insertion of new s 14A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 14A Preservation of beneficial reservations and conditions . . . . . . . . . . . 7 11 Amendment of s 15 (Compensation (NTA, ss 19 and 16)) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 12 Insertion of new pt 3A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 PART 3A--CONFIRMATION OF TOTAL OR PARTIAL EXTINGUISHMENT OF NATIVE TITLE BY PARTICULAR PREVIOUS ACTS

 


 

2 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill Division 1--General 18B Object of pt 3A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Division 2--Confirmation of extinguishment or partial extinguishment 18C Confirmation of total extinguishment of native title by certain acts that are not public works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 18D Confirmation of total extinguishment of native title by certain acts that are public works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 18E Confirmation of partial extinguishment of native title by previous non-exclusive possession acts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 18F Other extinguishment provisions do not apply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Division 3--Effect of confirmation of total or partial extinguishment of native title 18G Preservation of beneficial reservations and conditions . . . . . . . . . . . 10 18H Compensation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 13 Omission of pts 4-10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 14 Omission of ss 144-144B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 15 Omission of pt 12 div 2 (Compulsory acquisition) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 16 Omission of pt 13 (Amendment of Acts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 17 Other Acts amended . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 SCHEDULE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 OTHER ACTS AMENDED ABORIGINAL LAND ACT 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 FOSSICKING ACT 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 LAND ACT 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER LAND ACT 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

 


 

1997 A BILL FOR An Act to amend the Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993, and for related purposes

 


 

s1 4 s4 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill The Parliament of Queensland enacts-- 1 title 2 Short Clause 1. This Act may be cited as the Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Act 3 1997. 4 5 Commencement Clause 2.(1) This Act commences on a day to be fixed by proclamation. 6 (2) The Acts Interpretation Act 1954, section 15DA does not apply to 7 this Act. 8 amended 9 Act Clause 3. This Act amends the Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993. 10 of s 4 (Definitions) 11 Replacement Clause 4. Section 4-- 12 omit, insert-- 13 14 `Definitions `4. In this Act-- 15 "Commonwealth Native Title Act" means the Native Title Act 1993 16 (Cwlth). 17 "NTA", in a section heading, means the Commonwealth Native Title Act. 18 "State mining Act" means any of the following Acts-- 19 the Mineral Resources Act 1989 20 the Petroleum Act 1923 21 an Act prescribed by regulation. 22 "Wardens Court" means a Wardens Court established under the Mineral 23 Resources Act 1989.'. 24

 


 

s5 5 s8 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill of s 7 (Object of part) 1 Amendment Clause 5.(1) Section 7(b)-- 2 renumber as section 7(c). 3 (2) Section 7-- 4 insert-- 5 `(b) validate, under section 22F of the Commonwealth Native Title 6 Act, intermediate period acts attributable to the State;1 and'. 7 of new s 8A 8 Insertion Clause 6. After section 8-- 9 insert-- 10 of intermediate period acts attributable to State 11 `Validation `8A. Every intermediate period act attributable to the State is valid, and is 12 taken always to have been valid.'. 13 of s 9 (Application of remaining provisions of part) 14 Amendment Clause 7. Section 9(1), from `apply'-- 15 omit, insert-- 16 `apply to the following acts attributable to the State-- 17 (a) past acts validated by section 8; 18 (b) intermediate period acts validated by section 8A.'. 19 of new s 9A 20 Insertion Clause 8. Part 2, division 2, before section 10-- 21 1 For what is an "intermediate period act", see the Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth), section 232A. There are 4 categories of intermediate period acts, called category A, B, C and D intermediate period acts. They are defined in sections 232B to 232E and deal with a number of things, including leasehold and freehold interests in land, other interests in land and waters, and public works.

 


 

s9 6 s9 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill insert-- 1 of div 2 2 `Application `9A. This division does not apply to an act to which section 18C, 18D or 3 18E applies.'. 4 of new ss 13AA-13AD 5 Insertion Clause 9. After section 13-- 6 insert-- 7 A intermediate period acts dealing with the granting or 8 `Category vesting of certain interests in land or waters 9 `13AA.(1) This section applies to a category A intermediate period act to 10 which section 232B(2), (3), (4) or (6) of the Commonwealth Native Title 11 Act applies. 12 `(2) The intermediate period act extinguishes all native title in relation to 13 the land or waters to which the act relates. 14 A intermediate period acts that are public works 15 `Category `13AB.(1) This section applies to a public work that is a category A 16 intermediate period act to which section 232B(7) of the Commonwealth 17 Native Title Act applies. 18 `(2) The intermediate period act extinguishes native title in relation to the 19 land or waters on which, on completion of its construction or establishment, 20 the public work concerned was or is situated. 21 `(3) The extinguishment is taken to have happened when the construction 22 or establishment started. 23 category B intermediate period acts 24 `Inconsistent `13AC.(1) This section applies if a category B intermediate period act is 25 wholly or partly inconsistent with the continued existence, enjoyment or 26 exercise of the native title rights and interests concerned. 27 `(2) The intermediate period act extinguishes the native title to the extent 28 of the inconsistency. 29

 


 

s 10 7 s 11 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill C and D intermediate period acts 1 `Category `13AD.(1) This section applies if an intermediate period act is a category 2 C or D intermediate period act. 3 `(2) The non-extinguishment principle applies to the intermediate period 4 act.'. 5 of new s 14A 6 Insertion Clause 10. After section 14-- 7 insert-- 8 of beneficial reservations and conditions 9 `Preservation `14A.(1) This section applies if-- 10 (a) an intermediate period act attributable to the State contains a 11 reservation or condition for the benefit of Aboriginal people or 12 Torres Strait Islanders; or 13 (b) the doing of an intermediate period act attributable to the State 14 would affect rights or interests, other than native title rights and 15 interests, of Aboriginal people or Torres Strait Islanders, whether 16 under legislation, at common law or in equity, and whether or not 17 rights of usage. 18 `(2) Section 8A 2 does not affect a reservation or condition mentioned in 19 subsection (1)(a) or rights or interests mentioned in subsection (1)(b).'. 20 of s 15 (Compensation (NTA, ss 19 and 16)) 21 Amendment Clause 11.(1) Section 15, heading, `(NTA, ss 19 and 16)'-- 22 omit. 23 (2) Section 15-- 24 insert-- 25 `(1A) Native title holders are entitled to compensation under this Act 26 because of the validation of an intermediate period act attributable to the 27 2 Section 8A (Validation of intermediate period acts attributable to State)

 


 

s 12 8 s 12 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill State.'. 1 (3) Section 15(4)-- 2 omit, insert-- 3 `(4) Jurisdiction may be conferred on Wardens Courts to decide the 4 compensation.'. 5 of new pt 3A 6 Insertion Clause 12. After part 3-- 7 insert-- 8 ART 3A--CONFIRMATION OF TOTAL OR 9 `P PARTIAL EXTINGUISHMENT OF NATIVE TITLE BY 10 PARTICULAR PREVIOUS ACTS 11 1--General 12 `Division of pt 3A 13 `Object `18B. The object of this part is to confirm, in accordance with 14 sections 23E and 23I3 of the Commonwealth Native Title Act-- 15 (a) the total extinguishment of native title by previous exclusive 16 possession acts4 attributable to the State; and 17 (b) the partial extinguishment of native title by previous 18 non-exclusive possession acts5 attributable to the State. 19 3 Section 23E (Confirmation of extinguishment of native title by previous exclusive possession acts of State or Territory). Section 23I (Confirmation of partial extinguishment of native title by previous non-exclusive possession acts of State or Territory) 4 A "previous exclusive possession act" is defined in s 23B NTA. 5 A "previous non-exclusive possession act" is defined in s 23F NTA.

 


 

s 12 9 s 12 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill 2--Confirmation of extinguishment or partial extinguishment 1 `Division of total extinguishment of native title by certain acts 2 `Confirmation that are not public works 3 `18C.(1) This section applies if the act is a previous exclusive possession 4 act under section 23B(2) (including because of section 23B(3), (4) or (5)) or 5 under section 23B(6) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act. 6 `(2) The act totally extinguishes native title in relation to the land or 7 waters covered by the freehold estate, Scheduled interest6 or lease 8 concerned. 9 `(3) The extinguishment is taken to have happened when the act was 10 done. 11 of total extinguishment of native title by certain acts 12 `Confirmation that are public works 13 `18D.(1) This section applies if the act is a previous exclusive possession 14 act under section 23B(7) or (8) of the Commonwealth Native Title Act. 15 `(2) The act totally extinguishes native title in relation to the land or 16 waters on which, on completion of its construction or establishment, the 17 public work concerned was or is situated. 18 `(3) The extinguishment is taken to have happened when the construction 19 or establishment of the public work started. 20 of partial extinguishment of native title by previous 21 `Confirmation non-exclusive possession acts 22 `18E.(1) A previous non-exclusive possession act extinguishes native 23 title rights and interests in relation to the land or waters covered by the lease 24 concerned to the extent that the act involves the grant of rights and interests 25 that are inconsistent with the native title rights and interests. 26 `(2) Native title rights and interests in relation to the land or waters 27 covered by the lease are extinguished to the extent that they confer 28 6 "Scheduled interest" is defined in s 249C NTA.

 


 

s 12 10 s 12 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill possession, occupation, use and enjoyment of the land or waters to the 1 exclusion of all others. 2 `(3) The extinguishment is taken to have happened when the act was 3 done. 4 `(4) However, this section does not apply if the act is the grant of a 5 pastoral lease or an agricultural lease to which section 107 applies. 6 extinguishment provisions do not apply 7 `Other `18F. If section 18C, 18D or 18E applies to an act, sections 10 to 13AD 8 do not apply to the act. 9 `Division 3--Effect of confirmation of total or partial extinguishment of 10 native title 11 of beneficial reservations and conditions 12 `Preservation `18G.(1) This section applies if-- 13 (a) a previous exclusive possession act or previous non-exclusive 14 possession act contains a reservation or condition for the benefit 15 of Aboriginal people or Torres Strait Islanders; or 16 (b) the doing of a previous exclusive possession act or previous 17 non-exclusive possession act would affect rights or interests, 18 other than native title rights and interests, of Aboriginal people or 19 Torres Strait Islanders, whether arising under legislation, at 20 common law or in equity and whether or not rights of usage. 21 `(2) Sections 18B, 18C and 18D do not affect a reservation or condition 22 mentioned in subsection 1(a) or rights or interests mentioned in 23 subsection 1(b). 24 7 Section 10 (Category A past acts that are not public works (NTA, ss 18 and 14(a))

 


 

s 13 11 s 15 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill 1 `Compensation `18H.(1) Native title holders are entitled to compensation under this Act 2 for any extinguishment under this part of their native title rights and 3 interests by an act, if they would be entitled to compensation under 4 section 23J(1)8 of the Commonwealth Native Title Act on the assumption 5 that section 23J applies to acts attributable to the State. 6 `(2) However, the native title holders are entitled to compensation only to 7 the extent, if any, that the native title rights and interests were not 8 extinguished otherwise than under this Act. 9 `(3) The compensation is payable by the State. 10 `(4) To the extent that they are relevant, the criteria for the determination 11 of compensation in section 519 of the Commonwealth Native Title Act 12 apply to the determination of compensation payable under this Act.'. 13 of pts 4-10 14 Omission Clause 13. Parts 4 to 10-- 15 omit. 16 of ss 144-144B 17 Omission Clause 14. Sections 144, 144A and 144B-- 18 omit. 19 of pt 12 div 2 (Compulsory acquisition) 20 Omission Clause 15. Part 12, division 2-- 21 omit. 22 8 Section 23J (Compensation) 9 Section 51 (Criteria for determining compensation)

 


 

s 16 12 s 17 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill of pt 13 (Amendment of Acts) 1 Omission Clause 16. Part 13-- 2 omit. 3 Acts amended 4 Other Clause 17. The schedule amends each Act mentioned in it. 5

 


 

13 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill CHEDULE 1 S OTHER ACTS AMENDED 2 section 17 3 BORIGINAL LAND ACT 1991 4 A 1. Section 119(a)(iv)-- 5 omit. 6 FOSSICKING ACT 1994 7 1. Section 11(4), definition "registered native title body corporate", 8 `Native Title (Queensland) Act 1993'-- 9 omit, insert-- 10 `Native Title Act 1993 (Cwlth)'. 11 AND ACT 1994 12 L 1. Section 29(1), `a native title register'-- 13 omit, insert-- 14 `the native title register'. 15 2. Section 29(2)-- 16 omit, insert-- 17 `(2) In this section-- 18

 


 

14 Native Title (Queensland) Amendment Bill "native title register" means the National Native Title Register under the 1 Native Title Act 199 (Cwlth).'. 3 2 TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER LAND ACT 1991 3 1. Section 116(a)(iv)-- 4 omit. 5 6 State of Queensland 1997

 


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